• Speech and Language 

    Alisha Cipollone

    Ridgewood Avenue School/ Forest Avenue School

    235 Ridgewood Avenue/ 287 Forest Avenue

    Glen Ridge, New Jersey, 07028
    (973) 429-8300 EXT#3951

    Welcome to the Speech and Language page!

     What is the difference between Speech and Language?

    Language is different from speech!

    Language is made up of socially shared rules that include the following:

    • What words mean (e.g., "star" can refer to a bright object in the night sky or a celebrity)
    • How to make new words (e.g., friend, friendly, unfriendly)
    • How to put words together (e.g., "Peg walked to the new store" rather than "Peg walk store new")
    • What word combinations are best in what situations ("Would you mind moving your foot?" could quickly change to "Get off my foot, please!" if the first request did not produce results)


    Speech is the verbal means of communicating. Speech consists of the following:

    • Articulation: How speech sounds are made (e.g., children must learn how to produce the "r" sound in order to say "rabbit" instead of "wabbit").
    • Voice: Use of the vocal folds and breathing to produce sound (e.g., the voice can be abused from overuse or misuse and can lead to hoarseness or loss of voice).
    • Fluency: The rhythm of speech (e.g., hesitations or stuttering can affect fluency).


    When a person has trouble understanding others (receptive language), or sharing thoughts, ideas, and feelings completely (expressive language), then he or she has a language disorder.


    When a person is unable to produce speech sounds correctly or fluently, or has problems with his or her voice, then he or she has a speech disorder.


    Language and speech disorders can exist together or by themselves. The problem can be mild or severe. In any case, a comprehensive evaluation by a speech-language pathologist  (SLP) certified by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA)  is the first step to improving language and speech problems.

    (http://www.asha.org/, 2008)



    Interesting Links:



    American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA)


    The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association website is a great resource for parents and professioals alike. As a member, you can search through thousands of journal articles on hundreds of topics. As a non-member, you may search for information related to specific disorders and even find a professional Speech-Langauge Pathologist in your area.


    The Stuttering Foundation of America


    This website is a great resource for people of all ages who stutter. It provides free activities, facts about stuttering, risk factors of stuttering and a list of speech-language pathologists or pediatrcians in your area.


    Autism Speaks


    Autism Speaks is an organization that provides educational information (including videos) for parents and professionals. This organization's webpage can also point you in the right direction if you would like to get involved in raising money for research, find a support group or professional in your area or learn about goverment relations.

    Please send your email and any questions that you may have to acipollone@glenridge.org

    or call (973) 429 - 8300 x3951





    Useful homework links and ideas:

    Use the Homework Chart in the "Links" section to keep track of your practice each day!


    For articulation, remember to say the words aloud and say your target sounds correctly. Print out the BINGO boards below, create your personalized BINGO board with the word lists and play BINGO with your friends and family!

    Conversations/Reading Aloud

    For ten minutes each day practice saying your good sounds when speaking to your family or when reading out loud.

    Quia Shared Speech and Language Activities

    The above link has over 400 articulation and language games. Type in a keyword to search for a particular focus in articulation, grammar or vocabulary (i.e. "th", "r", antonyms, main idea) and choose one of the many games in that category! Remember to use your good sounds if you are working on articulation!

    Story Maker

    Use this link to practice your speech sounds while reading a story aloud. Use a pre-made story or create your own.